Kheda satyagraha (1918)
• In 1918, crops failed in the Kheda (Gujarat) because of the drought.
• The peasants demanded the remission of land revenue, but the government refused.
According to the Revenue Code, the farmers were entitled to remission if the yield was less than one-fourth of the normal produce.
• Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel led the struggle which Gandhi supported.
• Ultimately, the government agreed to suspend the tax for the year in question and for the next, re-duce the increase in rate, and return all the confiscated property.
Bardoli satyagraha (1928)
• In 1928, the peasants protested official efforts to increase land revenue in Gujarat. Vallabhbhai Patel was called to lead the movement. The women of Bardoli gave him the title of “Sardar”.
• Under the leadership of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the peasants organised a No Tax Campaign and, in the end, won their demand.
Role in Constituent Assembly
• The Constituent Assembly divided its work among different committees for smooth functioning.
• Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the chairman of:
1. Committee on Fundamental Rights and Minorities.
2. Provincial Constitution Committee.
• Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel presided over the special session of Karachi (1931), which adopted the resolution on fundamental rights and economic programme.
Statue of Unity
• It is a 182-metre statue of Sardar Patel at Kevadia (Ekta Nagar).
• It is located on the Narmada River facing the Sardar Sarovar Dam.
National Unity Day (Rashtriya Ekta Divas)
• It is celebrated on 31 October to mark the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who had a major role in the political integration of India.
• He played an important role in integrating the Princely States with India.
Source - IE