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National Framework for Climate Services


  • India is launching its first national-level framework for climate services led by India Meteorological Department (IMD).
  • The National Framework for Climate Services (NFCS) aims to create a seamless platform for users of climate information and services.
  • It will play a key role in mitigating climate risks across the key sectors such as agriculture, energy, disaster management, health, and water.

Global Framework for Climate Services:-

  • The NFCS draws inspiration from the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), which was announced during the third World Climate Conference held in Geneva in 2009.
  • GFCS envisages to generate high-quality data from national and international databases on temperature, rainfall, wind, soil moisture and ocean conditions and other vital weather parameters.
  • Major components of GFCS:
    • Observation and Monitoring;
    • Research, Modelling and Prediction;
    • Climate Service Information System;
    • User Interface Platform;
    • Capacity Building.
  • At present, the priority sectors where the GFCS focuses upon are agriculture and food security, energy, health, water and disaster risk reduction.

National Framework for Climate Services:-

  • India could add other relevant sectors like transport, tourism and other emerging sectors from time to time.
  • India acknowledges the successful implementation of NFCS in countries like Switzerland, China, Germany, and the United Kingdom.
  • It will address the gap between various agencies that rely on climate services, including hydrology, power, renewable energy, transportation, etc.

What are Climate Services?

  • A climate service is the provision of climate information to help end-users to make climate smart decisions.
  • The climate information can range from seasonal forecasts (e.g., forest fire outlooks) to long-term projections (e.g., sea-level rise).
  • It requires appropriate and iterative engagement to produce a timely advisory which can help in decision-making for the end users and enable early action and preparedness.

Source - Indian Express

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