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Bonn Declaration, 2023 - Global Framework to Reduce Risks from Hazardous Chemicals


  • The Fifth International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM5) concluded on 30th September, 2023 in Bonn, Germany with the adoption of a comprehensive global framework to reduce environmental risks from chemicals and wastes.
  • The framework sets concrete targets and guidelines for key sectors across the entire lifecycle of chemicals.


Concrete Targets:

  • The framework is based around 28 targets, designed to improve responsible management of chemicals and waste.
  • These targets also aims to establish stronger connections with other important agendas, including climate change, biodiversity, human rights and health.
  • It calls for the prevention of illegal trade and trafficking of chemicals and wastes and the implementation of national legal frameworks.
  • The framework also aims to phase out highly hazardous pesticides in agriculture by 2035, where the risks have not been managed.
  • The governments have committed for formulating policies and regulations to reduce chemical pollution by 2030 as well as promoting safer alternatives.
  • Following this, the industries also assured to manage chemicals in order to reduce pollution and its adverse impacts.

Bonn Declaration:

  • The declaration aims to prevent exposure to harmful chemicals, and phase out the most harmful ones, where appropriate, and enhance the safe management of such chemicals where they are needed.
  • It encourages countries to develop substitutes for such chemicals.
  • This approach not only safeguards health and the environment but also reduce waste and enhance recycling efforts.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP):-

  • The UNEP is the leading global environmental authority established on 5th June 1972.
  • It was established as a result of the Stockholm Declaration during the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, 1972 in Stockholm.

  • Its headquarters is in Nairobi, Kenya.
  • It provides leadership and encourages partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing and enabling nations to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.
  • Thus, it aims to help the world to meet the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • Within the United Nations system, it serves as an authoritative advocate for global environment protection.
  • Major reports released by UNEP - Emission Gap Report, Adaptation Gap Report, Global Environmental Outlook, Invest into Healthy Planet, etc.
Source - Down To Earth

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